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Which diseases will happen easily on babyhood?


Newborn asphyxia

Newborn asphyxia is that baby only has heartbeat without breathing or only has irregular, intermittent and superficial weak breathing. Apgar grading is lower than 7 points is diagnosed as newborn asphyxia. Usually after cleaning up the respiratory tract and flapping his feet, the breath may restore soon. In more serious cases, the rescue should be carried through immediately. ①Clean up the respiratory tract to maintain the respiratory tract unobstructed; ②Resume the breath; ③Maintain the circulation; ④Apply medicine.

Newborn pneumonia

Newborn pneumonia is the most common infectious disease in babyhood, and it is one of the major causes of neonatal death. Newborn baby coughs few when he is suffering from pneumonia. It only perform as poor situation, not to eat and move, rapid breath, foaming, fidget, choking milk, lips cyanosis and more serious, scant of breath will appear. It can be heard a wet sound when auscultation; lung texture and shadows of point or sheet are increased when taking X-ray inspection. Baby should be sent to the hospital for treatment immediately.

Newborn blood poisoning

Because of intrauterine infection, infect caused by early broken of caul when childbirth or omphalitis, skin infections occurred after birth, so that the bacteria go into the blood and cause the disease. The symptoms are: eating and moving less; the sound of weeping is low; body temperature does not rise; jaundice aggravates; high fever and chill; the total number of white blood cell increased; the amount of neutrophil increased; hemoculture was showed masculine. Baby should be sent to the hospital for treatment immediately.

Newborn Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE)

The disease is the Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy caused by neonatal asphyxia and anoxia. Clinic shows consciousness obstacle, high excitability, low reaction, muscular tension changed, hug and suckle reaction disappear, convulsion, bulging bregma etc. The light one prognosis is good and the serious one may cause the death and neurological damage, such as cerebral palsy, mental retardation and epilepsy.

Cephalohematoma and caput succedaneum

If newborn baby can be seen a round goitre on the head several days after he was born. You can see the edge clearly when touch it and has not surpassed the bone seam and the sense of fluctuation, that's called cephalohematoma. If the edge cannot be seen clearly and the goitre surpasses the bone seam, it is known as caput succedaneum. Usually, you can spread some Yunnan white powder on the haematoma, it can be absorbed within 1-4 months and caput succedaneum will be disappear within 2-5 days and not need to treat.

Newborn scleredema

Baby who was born in the cold season will suffer from newborn scleredema because of poor warming, insufficient breast feeding and other diseases occurred within 1 week after he was born. It shows: the body temperature does not rise; the four limbs are cold; the skin is cold and stiffened. It first appeared in perineum, the inside part of thigh, the outside part of crus, and the serious ones are affected in the chest and abdomen, face, and even die cause pulmonary hemorrhage. Therefore, keeping warm and defending cold is an important work for mother and baby in the cold season. Besides the warm room, baby's swaddle must be warmed beforehand, and wrap him rapidly after he was born. Breast feeding baby as early as possible to ensure baby has adequate energy and timely prevent and cure various diseases. Those are the important measures to prevent newborn scleredema.

Newborn intracranial hemorrhage

Intracranial hemorrhage is caused by hypoxia or birth injury, it shows: high excitability, cephalic cry, convulsion, bulging bregma, eyes staring, not eating and moving, lethargy, muscular relaxation, physical reflex disappeared. This is a critical disease; non-emergency treatment may cause death or leave sequela.


Dissolved hemopathy is mainly caused by the blood group of mother and baby incompatibly. Incompatible blood groups are often found that mother is O type and baby is A type or B type, that cause ABO dissolved hemopathy; another one is Rh dissolved hemopathy caused by mother is Rh negative, baby is Rh masculine. It shows: baby will suffer from icterus within 24 hours after he was born, and icterus will be aggravated quickly. The serious one will cause convulsion, kernicterus and baby death, or leaves sequela. Therefore, if baby was found icterus within 24 hours, he should be sent to hospital for treatment immediately


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